7 Geese in Texas (With Pictures)

7 Geese in Texas (With Pictures)

In the vast expanse of the Lone Star State, where the landscapes stretch from sprawling deserts to lush wetlands, one can find an incredible diversity of wildlife. Among the many avian residents and migratory visitors, the geese of Texas stand out as iconic symbols of both grace and resilience.

As the seasons ebb and flow, so do the patterns of these majestic waterfowl, drawing bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike to witness their remarkable journeys.

In this article, we delve into the world of geese in Texas, exploring the various species that call the state home or utilize it as a crucial stopover point during their migratory treks. From the striking Canada Geese to the elegant Snow Geese, we’ll uncover the fascinating behaviours, habitats, and roles these birds play in the rich tapestry of Texas’ ecosystems.

Join us on this journey as we celebrate the enduring presence of geese in the Lone Star State, shedding light on their significance in both Texas’ natural world and the hearts of its residents.

1. Canada Goose

  • Scientific name: Branta canadensis
  • Life span: 10-25 years
  • Size: 30-43 in / 76-110 cm
  • Weight: 7-14 lbs / 3-6.4 kg
  • Wingspan: 50-71 in / 127-180 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and common

The Canada Goose is a ubiquitous waterfowl species that inhabits a vast range encompassing North America. Its distinctive appearance includes a black head with a white cheek patch, a long black neck, and a brownish-gray body.

These geese are known for their iconic V-shaped formations during migration, and their honking calls are a familiar sound in many northern regions.

Canada Goose

In the heart of Texas, Canada Geese exhibit fascinating nesting behavior. These geese are quite the homebodies, often returning to the same nesting sites year after year. They prefer nesting near water bodies like lakes and ponds, where they construct bulky nests using grasses and down feathers.

The protective parents fiercely guard their nests, and if you’re lucky, you might spot adorable goslings waddling around in the spring.

Feasting on Texan grasslands, Canada Geese are herbivores with a knack for grazing. They relish fresh green grasses, aquatic plants, and grains, making them common sights in parks and golf courses. Their diet shifts with the seasons, adapting to the available vegetation. Whether it’s nibbling on tender shoots or gorging on grains, these geese make the most of Texas’ bountiful offerings.

Canada Geese have a rich history in Texas, where they were once threatened due to overhunting. However, dedicated conservation efforts, including hunting regulations and habitat preservation, have led to their recovery. They are now a testament to successful wildlife management in the Lone Star State, with stable populations gracing Texan skies and waters.

2. Egyptian Goose

  • Scientific name: Alopochen aegyptiaca
  • Life span: 5-10 years
  • Size: 24-29 in / 61-74 cm
  • Weight: 3.5-6.6 lbs / 1.6-3 kg
  • Wingspan: 47-67 in / 120-170 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and rare

The Egyptian Goose boasts a unique and striking appearance. Despite its name, it can be found across various parts of Africa and even some regions in Europe and the Middle East and in North America.

It exhibits a striking contrast between its chestnut-brown body and striking white face with dark eye markings. This goose’s exotic look has made it a fascinating species to observe in its range.

Egyptian Goose

While not native to Texas, the Egyptian Goose has made itself at home in some areas of the state. These striking geese have adapted their nesting behaviour to local conditions, often selecting nests near water bodies like lakes and ponds. They are known for their diligent nest construction, using reeds and grasses to create cozy shelter for their chicks.

Egyptian Geese have an eclectic palate, indulging in a variety of foods found in Texas’ wetlands and urban areas. Their diet includes aquatic plants, grasses, seeds, and even human-provided scraps. You might spot them nibbling on lawns or paddling gracefully in local ponds, making the most of Texas’ diverse culinary offerings.

As non-native residents of Texas, Egyptian Geese haven’t been the focus of extensive conservation efforts. They’ve found a niche in urban and suburban environments, coexisting with native species. Their presence adds a touch of exotic charm to Texan landscapes, showcasing nature’s ability to adapt and thrive in diverse settings.

3. Snow Goose

  • Scientific name: Anser caerulescens
  • Life span: 3-15 years
  • Size: 25-32 in / 64-81 cm
  • Weight: 3.2-6.5 lbs / 1.5-3 kg
  • Wingspan: 53-63 in / 135-160 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and common

The Snow Goose is a strikingly beautiful bird with a wide distribution across North America. During the breeding season, these geese display predominantly white plumage with black wingtips, while their blue eyes add an extra touch of elegance. They often migrate in massive flocks, creating mesmerizing scenes in the sky.

Snow Goose

They often create their nests on remote Arctic tundra during the summer breeding season. These nests are shallow depressions lined with plant materials and down feathers. The Arctic summer provides a brief window for raising their young before they embark on their remarkable southern migration.

Snow Geese are discerning diners, particularly during their winter stay in Texas. They have a preference for grains, grasses, and aquatic plants, creating striking scenes as they forage in Texas’ rice fields and wetlands. Their feeding frenzies, known as “blizzards,” are a sight to behold, transforming fields into a sea of white.

The Snow Goose’s conservation history in Texas is one of both concern and success. Populations once dwindled due to unregulated hunting, but strict regulations and habitat management have led to their recovery. Texas plays a pivotal role in their conservation, serving as a critical stopover during their migration, where they find refuge in protected wetlands and rice fields.

4. Greater White-fronted Goose

  • Scientific name: Anser albifrons
  • Life span: 15-20 years          
  • Size: 20-30 in / 51-76 cm
  • Weight: 2.7-6.6 lbs / 1.2-3 kg
  • Wingspan: 43-59 in / 110-150 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and common

The Greater White-fronted Goose is a migratory waterfowl species found across a vast geographical range, spanning North America, Eurasia, and even Greenland. It gets its name from the white patch on its face, just above its bill.

Its body is primarily gray-brown with distinctive orange legs. These geese are known for their distinct yelping calls during flight.

Greater White-fronted Goose

Texas provides a unique stopover for the Greater White-fronted Geese during their long migratory journeys. They nest in the Arctic tundra, crafting their nests in well-hidden spots amidst the vast, pristine wilderness. These geese are known for their cooperative nesting, with pairs working together to build nests and raise their broods.

While visiting Texas, these geese expand their palates to enjoy various aquatic plants, grains, and even the occasional insect. Their eclectic diet reflects the diverse habitats they encounter in the Lone Star State, from coastal marshes to agricultural fields. It’s a culinary adventure for these globetrotters.

Greater White-fronted Geese have benefited from habitat conservation in Texas, where protected wetlands and rice fields offer essential stopover sites during migration. Their populations have remained relatively stable in recent years, thanks to concerted efforts to protect their habitats and regulate hunting activities.

5. Ross’s Goose

  • Scientific name: Anser rossii
  • Life span: 10-12 years
  • Size: 20-25 in / 51-64 cm
  • Weight: 2.2-3.6 lbs / 1-1.6 kg
  • Wingspan: 37-43 in / 94-110 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and rare

Ross’s Goose is a small, compact waterfowl species primarily found in North America, particularly in the Arctic tundra during the breeding season. It has snow-white plumage with a petite, stubby bill, making it one of the smallest North American geese.

Distinguishing it from other white geese can be challenging, but its subtle differences are apparent to keen observers.

Ross's Goose

Ross’s Geese embark on an incredible journey during their nesting season, traveling from Texas to the Arctic tundra. There, they build nests in the high Arctic, carefully placing eggs in shallow scrapes lined with down feathers. These Arctic nesting sites are remote and pristine, providing a safe haven for their fragile offspring.

While in Texas, Ross’s Geese primarily graze on grasses, sedges, and aquatic plants. They are known for their methodical and efficient feeding, gathering in large flocks to make the most of Texas’ abundant wetlands and fields. Observing their synchronized foraging is a captivating experience.

Ross’s Geese have benefited from habitat conservation efforts in Texas. Protected wetlands and agricultural fields provide crucial stopover sites during migration. Their populations remain stable, a testament to the importance of preserving their habitats and ensuring their safe passage along their remarkable migration routes.

6. Brant Goose

  • Scientific name: Branta bernicla
  • Life span: 10-20 years
  • Size: 21-25 in / 53-64 cm
  • Weight: 2.2-4.6 lbs / 1-2.1 kg
  • Wingspan: 40-45 in / 102-114 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and rare

The Brant is a distinctive goose species found along coastal regions of North America. It is easily recognizable by its dark plumage and white neckband, which encircles its black neck.

These geese are known for their strong migration patterns and are often observed feeding on aquatic plants in their coastal habitats.

Brant Goose

Brant Geese, distinguished by their unique nesting approach, exhibit a remarkable affinity for hidden havens along the Arctic coasts. A fusion of plant materials and feathers serves as the foundation for their nests, a testament to their seamless integration within the rugged coastal terrain.

This nesting strategy not only showcases their adaptability but also underscores their intrinsic connection to the untamed landscapes they call home.

A defining trait of the Brant Geese is their specialized diet, a testament to their coastal lifestyle. With an unwavering preference for marine vegetation like nutrient-rich seaweed and eelgrass, they have evolved to master the art of nutrient extraction from these coastal plants.

This dietary prowess has left an indelible mark on their migration patterns and habitats, revealing the intricate interplay between their culinary preferences and ecological dynamics.

As guardians of critical coastal ecosystems, Brant Geese’s migrations play a pivotal role in highlighting the significance of preserving these vital habitats. Conservation initiatives are laser-focused on safeguarding their coastal sanctuaries, ensuring the perpetuation of their preferred food sources.

These endeavours mirror the harmonious coexistence that nature intricately weaves, emphasizing the delicate balance needed to sustain both Brant Geese and the coastal ecosystems they grace.

7. Cackling Goose

  • Scientific name: Branta hutchinsii
  • Life span: 6-10 years
  • Size: 16-22 in / 41-56 cm
  • Weight: 1.7-3.7 lbs / 0.8-1.7 kg
  • Wingspan: 22-31 in / 56-79 cm
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and common

The Cackling Goose is a close relative of the Canada Goose and shares a similar range across North America. Its appearance closely resembles that of a smaller Canada Goose, characterized by a black head, white cheek patch, and a more compact size. These geese often travel in mixed flocks with their larger counterparts.

Cackling Goose

Cackling Geese do not breed in Texas, but select nesting sites near water, carefully constructing nests with grasses and down feathers in other areas. These attentive parents guard their nests and are a common sight during the breeding season.

Texan fields and wetlands offer a bounty of food for Cackling Geese. They indulge in a diet rich in grasses, grains, and aquatic plants. These smaller geese have a hearty appetite, and you can often find them foraging in mixed flocks alongside other waterfowl species, making the most of the Lone Star State’s culinary offerings.

Cackling Geese have experienced population fluctuations over the years due to changing habitat conditions and hunting regulations. Conservation measures in Texas aim to protect their vital wintering grounds, ensuring they have access to suitable habitats during their stay. The ongoing efforts help sustain these geese as they continue their migratory journeys.

Where to find Geese in Texas

Texas offers numerous opportunities for bird enthusiasts to spot geese, with its diverse landscapes and welcoming wetlands. To find geese in Texas, follow these tips and explore these four excellent areas:

  • Coastal Wetlands: Head to the Texas coast during the winter months, where you’ll find a wealth of waterfowl, including geese. Pristine coastal wetlands like the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge and the Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge are prime locations. Bring binoculars and scan the marshes and ponds for Canada Geese, Snow Geese, and even the occasional Greater White-fronted Goose.
  • Inland Lakes and Reservoirs: Visit large inland lakes and reservoirs such as Lake Lewisville and Lake Texoma. Geese often gather around these bodies of water to rest and feed. To observe them, consider kayaking or canoeing, allowing you to get closer without disturbing their natural behaviours.
  • Wildlife Management Areas: Texas boasts several wildlife management areas, such as the Matagorda Island Wildlife Management Area and the Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge. These areas provide protected habitats for geese and other waterfowl. Hiking along designated trails or birdwatching blinds will enhance your chances of spotting these birds.
  • Rice Fields and Agricultural Areas: During the winter, Texas rice fields and agricultural areas become hotspots for geese. Areas around El Campo and Eagle Lake are well-known for hosting large numbers of Snow Geese and other waterfowl. It’s important that you seek permission from landowners before you start enjoying watching the geese in their natural habitat.

To maximize your experience, bring a good pair of binoculars, field guides, and a camera to capture the beauty of these magnificent birds. Be patient and respectful of their surroundings, and you’ll have a rewarding time observing geese in the Lone Star State.


Texas offers a captivating avian spectacle with its diverse landscapes and welcoming wetlands, making it a haven for geese and waterfowl enthusiasts. From the coastal wetlands to inland lakes, wildlife management areas, and agricultural fields, the Lone Star State provides ample opportunities to observe these majestic birds in their natural habitats.

By exploring these areas with patience and respect, you can forge a deeper connection with the captivating world of geese in Texas, celebrating their beauty and the conservation efforts that ensure their continued presence in this remarkable region.

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