13 Beautiful Birds in Mexico (With Pictures)

13 Beautiful Birds in Mexico (With Pictures)

Mexico is known for its stunning beaches, rich culture, and ancient ruins. There is more to Mexico, however, as the country is home to a vast array of bird species. The Mexican bird list totals a staggering 1040 species! Of those, 125 species can be found nowhere else on earth. The large number of species is due to the country’s location and variety of habitats, such as cloud forests, savannas, deserts, mangroves, mountains, and coastlines.

In this article, we will discover a small selection of birds in Mexico, from the sea-going Magnificent Frigatebird to the delicate Broad-billed Hummingbird. We will explore their unique appearances, habitats, diets, and distributions.

1. Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)

The Great-tailed Grackle is a striking black bird found in Mexico. The male is characterized by its glossy black plumage, purple gloss, and long tail. Conversely, females have a more subdued appearance with dark brown upperparts, pale underparts, a buff throat, and a buff eyebrow stripe. Both sexes have pale yellow eyes.

This species is highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats. They are commonly found in urban areas such as parks, yards, and golf courses, as well as agricultural fields, chaparral, and marshes.

Great-tailed Grackle

These omnivorous birds eat a range of prey items, including fruits, seeds, grains, insects, spiders, worms, snails, frogs, reptiles, fish, bird nestlings, eggs, and even small mammals.

The Great-tailed Grackle has a wide distribution, which ranges from the southern United States to northern South America.

2. Canyon Towhee (Melozone fusca)

The Canyon Towhee is a large sparrow with brown plumage, except for the dark face mask, reddish-brown crown, orange vent, buffy throat, and dark streaks on the upper chest.

This species is native to Mexico and parts of the southwestern United States.

Canyon Towhee

Canyon Towhees are common birds in Mexico. They’re primarily found in arid and semi-arid habitats, such as desert canyons, rocky slopes, dry grasslands, and scrublands.

Seeds make up a significant portion of their diet, but they also eat berries, insects, spiders, snails, and millipedes.

3. Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)

The Great Kiskadee is a vibrant yellow bird in Mexico with a bold appearance. This species has a yellow underside, a black-and-white striped head, and a brown back, as well as a rufous tail and wings. The top of the crown is bright yellow.

Great Kiskadees are versatile birds found in various habitats, including woodlands, savannas, scrublands, thickets, and urban areas. They are often seen near water sources.

Great Kiskadee

These opportunistic birds have a varied diet, including insects, frogs, small lizards, nestlings, small mammals, fruit, and even fish.

The Great Kiskadee is widely distributed across Mexico, Central America, South America, and the southern United States.

4. Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)

The Magnificent Frigatebird is a large seabird known for its impressive wingspan and aerial prowess. The male has glossy black plumage, a deeply forked tail, a long beak, long pointed wings, and a distinctive red throat pouch that inflates during courtship displays.

Females have the same characteristic shape as the males but differ in plumage by having a white chest, a pale brown bar on the wing, and a gray throat pouch.

This species is primarily found in tropical oceans and along coastlines, where they nest on cliffs, mangroves, and even artificial structures. They are well adapted for life at sea and can spend days or even weeks flying over the open ocean searching for food.

Magnificent Frigatebird

The Magnificent Frigatebird has a wide distribution in the Americas, being found along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of the southern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America.

These birds are skilled fishermen and feed mainly on fish and squid, which they snatch from the water’s surface. This species also feeds on crabs, plankton, jellyfish, juvenile turtles, bird eggs, and nestlings.

5. Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)

The Black Vulture is a large bird of prey with almost completely black plumage with a slight gloss and a bald, grayish-black, wrinkly head.

This species is found in many habitats, including open woodlands, grasslands, and urban areas.

Black Vulture

They are often seen soaring, using their keen eyesight to locate their primary food source – carrion. They also feed on insects, fish, reptiles, nestlings, bird eggs, and plant matter. The carrion they feed on ranges in size from large to small mammals and scraps.

The Black Vulture has a wide distribution range, spanning from the southern and southeastern United States to South America.

6. Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

The Mexican Jay is a charismatic, long-tailed blue songbird in Mexico. Their plumage consists of primarily blue upperparts with a gray back patch and grayish underparts.

Mexican Jays are primarily found in pine-oak forests and woodlands, but they also inhabit desert grasslands with streams lined with oak trees.

Mexican Jay

The diet of this species consists of nuts, acorns, berries, insects, lizards, snakes, small mammals, frogs, nestlings, and bird eggs.

The Mexican Jay’s distribution is mainly in Mexico, but a small part of their range extends into the southern United States.

7. Great Egret (Ardea alba)

The Great Egret is a tall, majestic-looking bird with white plumage, a long neck, and a dagger-like yellow bill. During the breeding season, they develop long plumes on their back and neck; their facial skin becomes green, and their bill color changes to black in most of their range, except in the Americas.

The Great Egret has an extensive distribution range, being found on every continent except Antarctica. This species is partially migratory, with the birds in the south of their range remaining all year round, while the northern birds migrate south for winter.

Great Egret

Great Egrets are commonly found in wetlands, marshes, estuaries, ponds, rivers, swamps, lakes, mangroves, and flooded fields.

They are often seen wading in shallow water, patiently waiting for fish and other aquatic prey to come within striking distance. Their diet also consists of frogs, small mammals, crustaceans, reptiles, birds, and insects.

8. Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

The Golden Eagle is one of the biggest birds in Mexico – a majestic bird of prey known for its impressive size and strength. This species has dark brown plumage, a golden-brown nape, pale flight feathers, a sizable blue-gray beak, and golden-yellow eyes.

Golden Eagles are primarily found in mountainous and open habitats, where they prefer sparsely vegetated areas.

Golden Eagle

The Golden Eagle occurs widely across North America, Europe, Asia, and parts of northern Africa.

This formidable hunter mainly preys on small to medium-sized mammals, but they occasionally eat birds, seals, fish, and carrion.

9. Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris)

The Broad-billed Hummingbird is a small, gorgeously-colored bird known for its vibrant plumage and aerobatic abilities. The male has bright green upper and underparts, a blue throat, a dark upper tail, a white undertail, and a long, straight, red bill.

Females have a more subdued appearance, with a pale green back, a grayish underside, a white eye stripe, and a white throat.

Broad-billed Hummingbirds are found in canyons, riparian woodlands, and thorn forests.

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Like other hummingbirds, this species is primarily nectarivorous, having a diet that consists mainly of nectar from flowers. They are highly adapted for hovering and can often be seen sipping nectar from flowers with their long tongues. For protein, they feed on insects.

The Broad-billed Hummingbird is almost exclusively found in Mexico, but their range also extends into the southwestern United States. They are resident throughout most of their range, but the northern birds migrate south from the United States and northern Mexico to more southerly parts of Mexico.

10. Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons)

The Golden-fronted Woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker with a buffy-brown overall appearance. On the upper side, they have black and white barring, a white rump, and a black tail. The head shows a golden-yellow forehead, a red crown, and a golden-orange nape. A white patch is present on the wings, and the underside is grayish with yellow on the belly.

Females have a similar color pattern but are duller overall. They have a primarily gray head with yellow patches on the nape and forehead.

Golden-fronted Woodpecker

Golden-fronted Woodpeckers occur in open woodlands, forests, arid scrublands, parks, and yards. They are often seen hopping up and down tree trunks, searching for insects and larvae hidden beneath the bark.

The diet of this woodpecker consists mainly of insects, spiders, fruit, seeds, and nuts.

This species is distributed throughout most of Mexico, northern Central America, and part of the southern United States.

11. Bewick’s Wren (Thryomanes bewickii)

Bewick’s Wren is a small, slender wren. They have a brown upperside, a pale gray underside, a white throat, a long, barred tail, a white eyebrow stripe, and a slender, down-curved beak.

Bewick’s Wrens are found in shrublands, chaparral, thickets, forests, woodlands, parks, and yards.

Bewick’s Wren

This species feeds on insects, spiders, seeds and fruit.

Bewick’s Wren has an extensive distribution from far southwestern Canada to southern Mexico.

12. Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

The Vermilion Flycatcher is a small, beautiful red bird that can be found in the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America.

The male has a bright red crown and underside, while the back is brown, the wings and tail are black, and they have a brown face mask.

Females have a grayish-brown upperside, a whitish underside with streaking, and a reddish tint on the belly.

Vermilion Flycatcher

Vermilion Flycatchers are found in open habitats, including deserts, scrublands, open woodlands, agricultural lands, and fields. They are often seen perched on branches or utility wires, sallying forth to catch insects.

The different populations have varying migration patterns according to where they live. The birds that spend the summer in the United States migrate to Mexico for winter. The birds in Mexico, Central America, and northern South America are resident. The birds from southern South America migrate north for the Austral winter.

13. Inca Dove (Columbina inca)

The Inca Dove is a small dove with sandy-gray plumage and intricate scalloped patterns throughout the body. They have white outer tail feathers and chestnut underwings.

Inca Dove

Inca Doves live in desert scrublands, farmlands, parks, and yards, where they feed on seeds and grains.

This species occurs in the southwestern United States, Mexico, and Central America.


While this article only highlights a tiny selection of birds that occur in Mexico, it shows the rich diversity of species that make Mexico a birdwatcher’s paradise.

From the striking Great-tailed Grackle to the elegant Great Egret, each bird has its unique appearance, habitat preferences, diet, and distribution.

Join the discussion