6 Hummingbirds in Utah (With Pictures)

6 Hummingbirds in Utah (With Pictures)

Utah’s diverse landscape serves as a vibrant backdrop for the enchanting world of hummingbirds, creating a haven for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike. This region is home to a variety of hummingbird species, each bringing its own unique splash of color and dynamism to the local fauna.

From the shimmering feathers of the Black-chinned Hummingbird to the rare sightings of Costa’s and Anna’s Hummingbirds, these tiny avian wonders offer a glimpse into the intricate balance of nature. Observing these birds, whether in the wild expanses of Utah’s national parks or the tranquility of a backyard garden, becomes a captivating experience.

Their remarkable agility and the sheer beauty of their presence highlight the importance of conservation efforts and the joy of birdwatching.

1. Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

  • Scientific name: Selasphorus platycercus
  • Life span: 7-12 years
  • Size: 3.5-4.3 in
  • Weight: 3-5 g
  • Wingspan: 4.7-5.5 in
  • Status: Least Concern           
  • State status: Breeding and common

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird thrives across the mountainous terrains of the western United States down into Mexico and Guatemala, favouring high-altitude meadows and forested areas. This species is renowned for the male’s broad tail, which produces a distinctive trilling sound in flight, a signature trait as captivating as the bird’s visual appeal.

With a dazzling green back and crown, the male sports a brilliant rose-red throat patch, which starkly contrasts with the pristine white of its underparts. The female, while lacking the male’s vibrant throat, displays a more subdued beauty with green-speckled throats that sparkle in the sunlight. Their presence adds a touch of magic to the landscapes they inhabit.

Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird crafts its existence in the high altitudes of Utah, where the air is as clear as the waters of its streams. Here, females build their nests with a natural intuition, selecting sites that offer protection and proximity to food sources.

The nests, marvels of avian architecture, are secured with spider silk and adorned with plant material, rendering them almost invisible to predators. This careful selection and construction process speaks to the Broad-tailed Hummingbird’s deep-rooted connection to its habitat, ensuring the safety of its next generation in the embrace of nature’s solitude.

The diet of the Broad-tailed Hummingbird is a delicate balance of nectar and insects, reflecting the bird’s graceful navigation of its environment. In the flowering landscapes of Utah, they play a pivotal role in pollination, moving from flower to flower in a tireless quest for nectar. This liquid gold provides the energy needed for their vibrant existence.

The inclusion of insects in their diet ensures a well-rounded nutritional intake, supporting their health and vitality. The Broad-tailed Hummingbird’s diet is a testament to the interconnectedness of life, highlighting the importance of biodiversity and ecological health.

The narrative of conservation for the Broad-tailed Hummingbird in Utah is one of collaboration and commitment to preserving natural habitats. Recognizing the bird’s dependence on specific floral and nesting habitats, conservationists and communities have worked together to protect and restore these areas.

Educational initiatives aim to raise awareness about the importance of hummingbirds to ecosystem health and the challenges they face from habitat loss and climate change. This collective effort to conserve the Broad-tailed Hummingbird’s habitat is a testament to the power of informed action and the enduring value of nature’s wonders.

2. Black-Chinned Hummingbird

  • Scientific name: Archilochus alexandri
  • Life span: 3-6 years
  • Size: 3-4 in
  • Weight: 2.5-4.5 g
  • Wingspan: 4.3-5.1 in
  • Status: Least Concern           
  • State status: Breeding and common

Inhabiting the arid regions and mountainous landscapes of the western United States and Mexico, the Black-chinned Hummingbird is a creature of subtle elegance. This bird’s geographical range offers it a diverse habitat, from the lowland deserts to the high reaches of the mountain forests.

Visually, the Black-chinned Hummingbird presents a more understated beauty compared to its rufous cousin. The male features a distinctive black chin, which can reveal a hidden violet hue in the right light, set against a backdrop of shimmering green feathers that cover its back and head. Females and juveniles display a more muted coloration, with soft grayish underparts blending seamlessly into the environment.

Black-Chinned Hummingbird

In the heart of Utah’s diverse habitats, the Black-chinned Hummingbird weaves its life story amongst the trees and shrubs. The female embarks on a delicate mission, constructing her nest with the finesse of a master craftswoman.

Utilizing spider silk for its elasticity, she creates a secure yet supple foundation, decorating it with lichen and small leaves for camouflage. Positioned on a branch or against a tree trunk, the nest is a hidden gem, a safe haven for her precious eggs.

The Black-chinned Hummingbird’s diet is a testament to nature’s bounty, thriving on the nectar of desert and garden flowers alike in Utah’s landscapes. This liquid sustenance is the fuel for their aerial displays, hovering with precision as they sip from flowers.

Beyond nectar, they engage in aerial hunts for insects, showcasing remarkable agility. This balanced diet supports their energy-intensive lifestyle, contributing to their role as pollinators and part of the natural pest control squad.

The tale of conservation for the Black-chinned Hummingbird weaves through the fabric of Utah’s environmental history. Recognizing the hummingbird’s role in pollination and the ecosystem, conservationists have focused on preserving natural habitats and promoting the planting of native plant species. Efforts to mitigate the impact of urban expansion and climate change are crucial, aiming to safeguard the natural corridors vital for their migration and breeding.

Educational programs have also flourished, aiming to instill a sense of stewardship in the public. The journey of conservation for the Black-chinned Hummingbird is ongoing, a collective effort to ensure these delicate creatures continue to grace Utah’s skies.

3. Calliope Hummingbird

  • Scientific name: Selasphorus calliope
  • Life span: 3-7 years
  • Size: 2.75-3.25 in
  • Weight: 2-4 g
  • Wingspan: 3.5-4.3 in
  • Status: Least Concern           
  • State status: Migratory and common

The Calliope Hummingbird, North America’s smallest bird, embarks on an extensive migration across the western United States to winter in Central America. Its name, inspired by the Greek Muse of eloquence, mirrors the bird’s delicate and precise movements through the air.

With an ethereal appearance, males exhibit a striking magenta streaking across their throats, a vivid contrast to their predominantly green upper parts and white underparts. Females are more demure in their coloration, yet they possess a gentle grace.

This tiny bird, often found in mountain meadows and forest edges, captivates the observer with its miniature majesty and the serene beauty of its flight.

Calliope Hummingbird

The Calliope Hummingbird, North America’s tiniest avian jewel, selects the serene and secluded spaces of Utah for its nesting sanctuaries. Females meticulously craft their nests on the branches of trees or shrubs, using materials that blend seamlessly with the environment.

These architectural wonders are bound with spider silk, allowing them to stretch as the chicks grow. The choice of location and the construction of the nest reflect the Calliope Hummingbird’s need for security and the instinctual drive to nurture in peace.

Feasting on the nectar of wildflowers, the Calliope Hummingbird dances from bloom to bloom in the meadows of Utah. This nectar not only provides the high energy required for their rapid wingbeats but also for the long migratory journeys undertaken each year. Insects and spiders add protein to their diet, ensuring a balanced nutrition. This diet underlines the Calliope Hummingbird’s role in the pollination process, contributing to the health of their habitat.

Conservation efforts for the Calliope Hummingbird emphasize the importance of preserving natural habitats and the continuity of floral resources throughout their migratory path, including Utah. Initiatives to maintain and restore meadow and forest environments are crucial for the survival of these birds.

Public education and community involvement in conservation practices have also been key, fostering a protective ethos towards these and other migratory species. The history of conservation for the Calliope Hummingbird is a story of growing awareness and action, aimed at ensuring these diminutive birds continue to thrive amidst changing landscapes.

4. Rufous Hummingbird

  • Scientific name: Selasphorus rufus
  • Life span: 3-5 years
  • Size: 2.75-3.75 in
  • Weight: 2.5-4.5 g
  • Wingspan: 3.5-4.3 in
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and common

The Rufous Hummingbird, a marvel of agility and speed, graces the western parts of North and Central America with its presence. Its migratory path stretches from Alaska to Mexico, showcasing an incredible endurance for such a small creature. The Rufous is distinguished by its vibrant orange-brown plumage, which gleams like a tiny, fluttering ember against the backdrop of the lush environments it frequents.

Males boast a strikingly iridescent red throat, which contrasts dramatically with the softer, green-tinted white of the females. This bird’s dazzling appearance is matched only by its spirited nature, making it a favourite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Rufous Hummingbird

The Rufous Hummingbird, with its fiery plumage and spirited disposition, embarks on an annual journey to the welcoming landscapes of Utah for breeding. These tiny aviators construct their nests with a blend of spider silk and plant down, creating a soft, expandable base to accommodate their growing chicks.

These nests are often camouflaged in the fork of a tree branch, shrouded by leaves, a testament to the bird’s meticulous nature and instinct for protection. The female single-handedly undertakes the task of nest-building, egg-laying, and chick-rearing, showcasing an unparalleled dedication to her offspring.

The nesting behaviour of the Rufous Hummingbird is a marvel of natural engineering and maternal devotion, unfolding in the secluded corners of Utah’s wilderness.

The Rufous Hummingbird’s diet is a vibrant tapestry of nectar and insects, mirroring the bird’s dynamic energy and agility in flight. In the wildflower-rich meadows and gardens of Utah, these birds flit from bloom to bloom, their rapid wingbeats a blur to the human eye. They favour the nectar of tubular flowers, a preference that serves as a pollination service to the local flora.

Additionally, their diet is supplemented by tiny insects and spiders, providing essential proteins and fats. This dietary diversity fuels their frenetic activity and long migratory journeys, underscoring the Rufous Hummingbird’s role as both a consumer and contributor to their ecosystems.

Conservation efforts for the Rufous Hummingbird in Utah and beyond have gained momentum in recent years, driven by a growing awareness of the bird’s declining numbers. Habitat loss and climate change pose significant threats to their migratory routes and breeding grounds. In response, initiatives focused on habitat restoration, the planting of native flowers, and the establishment of bird-friendly communities have been implemented.

The history of conservation for the Rufous Hummingbird is a narrative of increased human engagement and understanding, with bird enthusiasts and scientists alike working to ensure that the future of these dazzling migrants is as bright as their fiery plumage.

5. Anna’s Hummingbird

  • Scientific name: Calypte anna
  • Life span: 4-6 years
  • Size: 3.9-4.3 in
  • Weight: 2-6 g
  • Wingspan: 4.7-5.9 in
  • Status: Least Concern           
  • State status: Migratory and rare

Anna’s Hummingbird, a resident of the Pacific Coast from British Columbia to Baja California, is a jewel among birds, remaining vibrant throughout the year. This species has adapted well to urban environments, often found in gardens and parks. The males are particularly striking, with iridescent emerald feathers covering their backs and heads, and a brilliant rose-pink throat that shines like a beacon when caught by the sun.

The females are more modest in their beauty, with a green back and a grayish underbelly, highlighted by flashes of red in their throats. Anna’s Hummingbird’s adaptability and year-round presence make it a cherished sight, symbolizing the enduring beauty of nature amidst human habitation.

Anna’s Hummingbird

Anna’s Hummingbird, a year-round resident of Utah, weaves its presence into the very fabric of the local ecosystems. Females, with a keen eye for detail, choose nesting sites that offer safety and stability, often in trees or shrubs.

The construction of their nests is a testament to their craftsmanship, using spider silk to create a flexible yet sturdy base, adorned with plant debris for camouflage. This careful, considered approach to nesting ensures their young are afforded the best start in life, nestled within the protective embrace of their carefully chosen environment.

Anna’s Hummingbird’s diet is a mirror to its vibrant presence in Utah’s landscapes, a blend of nectar and insects that fuels its energetic flight. Favouring the sweet nectar from a variety of flowers, this hummingbird flits across gardens and wild spaces, contributing to the pollination process that sustains the ecosystem.

The inclusion of insects in their diet adds a necessary protein component, aiding in their nutritional balance. This dietary diversity not only supports the hummingbird’s health but also its role as a vital player in the ecological network, underlining the interconnectedness of all living things.

The conservation story of Anna’s Hummingbird in Utah is one of awareness and action. Efforts to protect and enhance their habitats have been pivotal, with a focus on preserving the floral diversity essential for their survival. Initiatives to create bird-friendly environments in urban and suburban areas have seen significant success, encouraging the planting of native species and the reduction of pesticide use.

The conservation history of Anna’s Hummingbird is a narrative of adaptation and resilience, highlighting the importance of community involvement and environmental stewardship in ensuring the future of these captivating birds.

6. Costa’s Hummingbird

  • Scientific name: Calypte costae
  • Life span: 4-6 years
  • Size: 3.5-4 in
  • Weight: 2-4 g
  • Wingspan: 4.7-5.1 in
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and rare

The Costa’s Hummingbird, primarily found in the deserts of the southwestern United States and Baja California, is a study in resilience and splendour. This diminutive avian prefers the arid, open spaces where it can easily access the flowering plants that dot the landscape.

The male Costa’s Hummingbird is particularly striking, with a deep purple cap and throat that can extend into elongated side plumes, creating a dazzling display designed to attract mates.

The females and juveniles are more subtly coloured, with grayish-white underparts and green upperparts, allowing them to blend into their desert surroundings. Their appearance is a testament to the vibrant life that flourishes even in the harshest conditions.

Costa’s Hummingbird

The Costa’s Hummingbird, a desert dweller with a penchant for the dramatic, chooses the arid landscapes of Utah for its nesting grounds. In this stark yet beautiful setting, females exhibit extraordinary ingenuity in nest placement and construction, often opting for locations on branches or in the shelter of bushes to shield their young from the desert’s extremes.

The nest itself is a work of art, crafted from plant fibers and spider silk, designed to cradle the future of their species. This meticulous approach to nesting highlights the Costa’s Hummingbird’s resilience and adaptability, traits that have enabled it to thrive in such a challenging environment.

In the heart of Utah’s desert blooms, the Costa’s Hummingbird finds its sustenance. Nectar from the vibrant flowers dotting the landscape fuels its dynamic flight and vibrant life. This hummingbird’s diet, enriched with insects caught in mid-air, is a showcase of its agility and precision.

The balance of sweet nectar and protein-rich insects caters to the bird’s high-energy lifestyle, emphasizing the critical role of flower diversity in supporting pollinator health. The Costa’s Hummingbird’s dietary habits serve as a reminder of the delicate balance within ecosystems and the importance of preserving native flora.

Conservation efforts for the Costa’s Hummingbird have focused on the protection and restoration of desert habitats in Utah and beyond. Recognizing the challenges posed by urban development and climate change, conservationists have advocated for the preservation of natural desert landscapes and the planting of native flowering plants.

These efforts aim to maintain the ecological balance necessary for the survival of species like the Costa’s Hummingbird. Education and community engagement have also been key components, fostering a deeper appreciation and understanding of the importance of conserving these unique desert environments.

The history of conservation for the Costa’s Hummingbird is a testament to the ongoing effort to safeguard the natural beauty and biodiversity of our world.

Where to look for Hummingbirds in Utah

In Utah, finding hummingbirds involves exploring areas where these birds are most active, especially during their migration periods in spring and fall. The key to spotting these fast-moving birds is to visit locations with abundant native flowers and where hummingbird feeders are commonly placed. Ideal times are early morning and late afternoon when hummingbirds are most likely to feed.

Four popular areas for hummingbird watching in Utah include:

  • Zion National Park: Offers a variety of natural habitats, attracting different hummingbird species with its rich biodiversity.
  • Red Butte Garden: Located in Salt Lake City, this area is renowned for its diverse plant life that attracts hummingbirds.
  • Fishlake National Forest: A hotspot for birdwatching, offering a serene environment with a high chance of spotting hummingbirds.
  • Bryce Canyon National Park: Known for its unique geological structures, it also provides a natural habitat for hummingbirds, making it a perfect spot for enthusiasts.

Visiting these areas, equipped with patience and a keen eye, can lead to rewarding sightings of Utah’s hummingbirds.


Utah’s diverse landscapes offer a captivating backdrop for the intricate lives of hummingbirds. From the delicate nesting practices to their vital role in pollination, these vibrant birds embody the interconnectedness of nature. Conserving their habitats ensures the preservation of Utah’s ecological harmony and the enduring splendour of hummingbirds.

Join the discussion