8 Crows in Texas (With Pictures)

8 Crows in Texas (With Pictures)

In the diverse ecosystem of Texas, crows hold a unique place, showcasing the intricate balance of nature and the importance of avian species in local biodiversity. These intelligent birds, part of the corvid family, are known for their complex social structures, problem-solving abilities, and adaptability to different environments.

From the urban centers to the remote countryside, crows have made their presence known across the Lone Star State, contributing to the ecological dynamics and often interacting with humans in surprising ways. This article aims to explore the lives of these fascinating birds in Texas, shedding light on their behavior, species diversity, and the role they play in the broader ecological community.

1. Blue Jay

  • Scientific name: Cyanocitta cristata
  • Life span: 7-10 years
  • Size: 9-12 inches (23-30 cm)
  • Weight: 2.5-3.5 ounces (70-100 grams)
  • Wingspan: 13-17 inches (33-43 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and common

Nestled within the dense forests and sprawling urban areas of eastern and central North America, the Blue Jay emerges as a vibrant splash of color against the verdant backdrop. This bird is instantly recognizable by its bright blue upper parts contrasted with its white underbelly and the distinctive black, white, and blue patterning on its wings and tail.

Its face is adorned with a striking black band, lending it a mischievous look that matches its curious and intelligent nature. The Blue Jay’s crest, which can be raised or lowered depending on its mood, adds an expressive quality to its appearance, making it one of the most charismatic avian species.

Whether fluttering through the oak forests it prefers or visiting backyard feeders, the Blue Jay’s bold coloration and distinctive calls enliven the landscapes of its range.

Blue Jay

Blue Jays construct elaborate nests in the forks of trees. They weave together twigs and plant material, lining the interior with roots and mud for comfort, creating a safe haven for their eggs and chicks. This meticulous process underscores their commitment to their offspring’s safety and comfort.

Their diet is as colourful as their plumage, with a penchant for nuts, seeds, and fruits, alongside occasional ventures into insects and small vertebrates. The Blue Jay’s ability to store food for later use illustrates their forward-thinking nature, ensuring they always have a reserve during leaner times.

Conservation efforts for Blue Jays have focused on preserving their woodland habitats and mitigating the impact of urbanization. Their presence in urban settings has led to a deeper understanding of how birds adapt to human environments, fostering a connection that encourages conservation and appreciation.

2. Fish Crow

  • Scientific name: Corvus ossifragus
  • Life span: 6-10 years
  • Size: 14-16 inches (36-41 cm)
  • Weight: 9-16 ounces (260-460 grams)
  • Wingspan: 29-33 inches (74-84 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Migratory and less common    

The Fish Crow, a resident of the southeastern United States, especially along coastlines and near water bodies, is often mistaken for its larger cousin, the American Crow. However, upon closer inspection, one notices the subtle differences: a slightly smaller stature and a more silken, glossy black plumage that seems to shimmer in the sunlight.

Its eyes, dark and alert, complement the sleekness of its appearance. The Fish Crow’s distinctive nasal calls serve as an auditory marker of its presence, distinguishing it from other crow species. Inhabiting areas from tidal flats to riverside forests, this bird’s affinity for water shapes its lifestyle, echoing the ebb and flow of the tides it lives alongside.

Fish Crow

Fish Crows have adapted their nesting behaviors to their coastal environments, often choosing locations in tall trees or even on man-made structures. Their nests are a testament to their adaptability, constructed from a variety of materials, ensuring the safety and comfort of their young in diverse settings.

Their diet reflects their coastal preferences, with a penchant for small aquatic animals, eggs, and carrion, showcasing their opportunistic feeding habits. This flexibility in diet highlights their ingenious ways of exploiting available resources, underlining their resilience in ever-changing environments.

Conservation efforts for the Fish Crow have focused on understanding their role within coastal ecosystems, promoting strategies that protect their natural habitats while addressing the challenges of pollution and habitat loss. These initiatives underscore the importance of preserving the biodiversity of these unique environments.

3. American Crow

  • Scientific name: Corvus brachyrhynchos
  • Life span: 7-8 years
  • Size: 16-21 inches (41-53 cm)
  • Weight: 11-21 ounces (315-595 grams)
  • Wingspan: 33-40 inches (84-102 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and common

The American Crow, a bird shrouded in both mystery and familiarity, claims an expansive geographical range that stretches across North America, from Canada to Mexico, adapting seamlessly to both wild landscapes and urban environments. Its plumage is a deep, lustrous black, absorbing light with an ineffable quality that has intrigued observers for centuries.

The black extends to its bill, legs, and feet, making it a figure of gothic elegance. The bird’s eyes, a watchful, dark hue, offer a stark contrast to its glossy feathers, creating an aura of keen intelligence and adaptability. This species is a master of its domain, exhibiting a complex social structure and communication ability that resonates through the diverse habitats it occupies.

Each crow appears as a silhouette against the sky, a common yet enigmatic presence that weaves through the tapestry of North American bird life with grace and resilience.

American Crow

Crows craft their homes with a mix of artistry and practicality, preferring the sturdy branches of tall trees. They meticulously gather twigs, branches, and sometimes even wire, to construct large, sturdy nests that serve as the center of their family life. Within these leafy cradles, they nurture their young, a testament to their adaptability and intelligence.

In terms of diet, the American Crow is the epitome of an opportunistic feeder, showcasing a remarkable dietary flexibility. From insects to waste, these birds demonstrate an impressive ability to make the most of their surroundings, showcasing a survival instinct that is both admirable and fascinating.

Conservation efforts for the American Crow have not been as pressing as for other birds, largely due to their adaptable nature and widespread presence. However, they have not been immune to challenges such as habitat loss and environmental pollution.

4. Chihuahuan Raven

  • Scientific name: Corvus cryptoleucus
  • Life span: 10-15 years
  • Size: 21-27 inches (53-68 cm)
  • Weight: 1.3-2.6 pounds (600-1200 grams)
  • Wingspan: 45-46 inches (115-117 cm)
  • Status: Least concern
  • State status: Breeding and common in certain area.

The Chihuahuan Raven, an emblem of the desert’s vastness, occupies the arid plains and mountainous terrains of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. This bird’s plumage is a deep, shimmering black, with subtle hints of purple and blue iridescence under the right light, distinguishing it from other corvids.

Its slightly smaller size and the distinctive wedge-shaped tail are notable, as are the white feathers that sometimes peek through at the base of its neck, visible only at close range. The Chihuahuan Raven’s deep, resonant calls echo through its dry, sparse habitat, a sound as integral to the desert landscape as the whisper of the wind through the mesquite.

With a keen intelligence and adaptability, it thrives in these expansive terrains, a solitary figure against the vast, open skies.

Chihuahuan Raven

The Chihuahuan Raven’s nesting behavior is a testament to their adaptability, constructing their homes on a variety of substrates from tall trees to utility poles. Their nests, robust structures of sticks and twigs, are lined with softer materials, showcasing their ingenuity and resilience in the face of harsh desert environments

Their diet is impressively versatile, ranging from insects and small animals to grains and fruits, reflecting their ability to thrive in diverse environments. This adaptability is crucial for their survival in the arid landscapes they inhabit, demonstrating their resourcefulness and resilience.

Conservation efforts for the Chihuahuan Raven have emphasized the importance of maintaining their desert and grassland habitats, confronting challenges such as land use change and environmental degradation.

5. Common Raven

  • Scientific name: Corvus corax
  • Life span: 10-15 years
  • Size: 24-27 inches (61-69 cm)
  • Weight: 1.6-4.6 pounds (700-2100 grams)
  • Wingspan: 46-56 inches (117-142 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and less common

The Common Raven, a bird of lore and legend, dwells within a vast expanse that stretches across the Northern Hemisphere, from the tundra to the desert. It is clothed in feathers of a rich, velvety black that seems to swallow light, giving it an air of mystique and otherworldliness.

The raven’s hefty bill and shaggy throat feathers distinguish it from its corvid relatives, while its large size casts an impressive silhouette against the sky. The bird’s eyes gleam with intelligence, reflecting its complex social behaviors and problem-solving abilities.

These birds play a huge role in many cultures, and in my home country of Denmark, they’re seen as incredibly wise and noble. Back when Odin was around, he used two have two ravens called Hugin and Mugin.

Inhabiting a realm that spans from remote wilderness areas to mountainous regions, the Common Raven is a symbol of adaptability, thriving in harsh climates and demonstrating remarkable ingenuity in its interactions with the environment.

Common Raven

Ravens are known for their intricate nesting behavior, choosing lofty heights for their homes to keep a watchful eye over their domain. These nests are not mere structures; they are fortresses of sticks and debris, lined with softer materials for their young, showcasing the raven’s robust nature and attention to detail.

The raven’s diet is as vast as the landscapes they inhabit, including everything from carrion to insects, fruits to grains. This dietary adaptability speaks to their intelligence and resourcefulness, thriving in various environments by making the most of available resources.

Conservation for the Common Raven has been nuanced, recognizing their adaptability yet understanding their sensitivity to environmental changes. Efforts to maintain their natural habitats and ensure a balanced ecosystem reflect a respect for their role in folklore and nature alike.

6. Green Jay

  • Scientific name: Cyanocorax yncas
  • Life span: 7-9 years
  • Size: 10-11 inches (25-28 cm)
  • Weight: 2.8-3.3 ounces (80-95 grams)
  • Wingspan: 15-17 inches (38-43 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and common in certain areas

The Green Jay, a tropical jewel, is found in the dense, lush forests of southern Texas, Mexico, and Central America. This bird is a kaleidoscope of colours, with vibrant green back feathers that blend seamlessly into the verdant foliage, while its face showcases a striking mix of blue and black with a patch of yellow in the eye region.

Its tail and wings are adorned with touches of blue and black, and a conspicuous white bib sets off the brilliant colours of its plumage. The Green Jay’s playful calls and energetic demeanour enliven the forest canopy, making it a focal point of the avian communities within these biodiverse regions.

Green Jay

In the lush landscapes they inhabit, Green Jays exhibit a keen sense of craftsmanship in their nest-building, utilizing thorny branches to deter predators. Their nests are a labour of love, carefully constructed to ensure the utmost safety and comfort for their young, reflecting their vibrant spirit.

The Green Jay’s diet is a tropical feast, consisting of fruits, nuts, insects, and small vertebrates, mirroring the abundance of their habitat. This variety not only demonstrates their adaptability but also their role as seed dispersers, contributing to the health of their ecosystems.

Conservation efforts for the Green Jay have highlighted the need to protect their tropical and subtropical habitats from deforestation and degradation. Protecting these birds means preserving the rich biodiversity of their environments, ensuring that the vivid tapestry of life remains intact for future generations.

7. Mexican Jay

  • Scientific name: Aphelocoma wollweberi
  • Life span: 7-9 years
  • Size: 11-12 inches (28-31 cm)
  • Weight: 2.1-2.5 ounces (60-70 grams)
  • Wingspan: 17-18 inches (43-46 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and common

Venturing through the pine-oak forests of the southwestern United States and into Mexico, one might encounter the Mexican Jay, a sociable bird clothed in shades of soft blue and gray. Its lighter underparts contrast with the darker head and back, while its robust body and long tail underscore its agile flight and social nature.

The bird’s round, dark eyes exude a sense of curiosity, reflecting its intelligent and complex social structures. Living in cohesive groups, the Mexican Jay’s life is a tapestry of shared responsibilities and communal living, its calls and songs a chorus that fills the air of the highland forests it prefers.

This bird, less known than its colourful relatives, holds an allure all its own, embodying the spirit of the wild landscapes it calls home.

Mexican Jay

Mexican Jays are communal nesters, often building their homes in close proximity to each other in oak or pine trees. Their nests, constructed from twigs and lined with softer materials, are a reflection of their social nature, providing a communal space for raising their young in harmony.

Their diet largely consists of acorns, supplemented by seeds, fruits, and insects, showcasing their role in forest regeneration through acorn dispersal. This not only highlights their ecological importance but also their ability to adapt their feeding habits to the availability of resources.

Conservation efforts for the Mexican Jay have focused on preserving their woodland habitats, crucial for their survival and the ecological services they provide. Protecting these areas from deforestation and fragmentation is essential, not only for the jays but for the entire ecosystem that benefits from their presence.

8. Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay

  • Scientific name: Aphelocoma woodhouseii
  • Life span: 7-9 years
  • Size: 11-12 inches (28-30 cm)
  • Weight: 2.8-3.2 ounces (80-90 grams)
  • Wingspan: 15-18 inches (38-46 cm)
  • Status: Least Concern
  • State status: Breeding and less common

In the arid landscapes of the American Southwest and into northern Mexico, Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay adds a dash of color to the muted tones of its desert and scrubland homes. This bird’s appearance is a study in contrasts, with soft blue hues on its back, wings, and tail, set against a grayish-white underbelly and face.

A distinctive blue necklace-like band across its throat and chest sets it apart from other jays. Its sharp, inquisitive eyes and sturdy bill make it well-suited to its environment, where it plays an important role in seed dispersal.

The Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay, less flamboyant than its coastal cousins but equally compelling, embodies the rugged beauty of the landscapes it inhabits, its calls echoing the untamed spirit of the American West.

Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay

The Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay takes a pragmatic approach to nesting, utilizing shrubs and trees in their arid landscapes to build their homes. Their nests, a blend of twigs and vegetation, are carefully concealed to protect against predators, illustrating their instinctual wisdom and care for their offspring

Their diet primarily consists of seeds and nuts, supplemented by insects and fruit, reflecting their ability to adapt to the scarcity of resources in their environment. This dietary flexibility ensures their survival in the challenging landscapes they call home.

Conservation efforts for the Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay have emphasized the importance of protecting their natural habitats, particularly against the backdrop of urban expansion and climate change. Preserving these environments is crucial for maintaining the delicate balance that these birds, and many other species, rely on for survival.

Where to look for Crows in Texas (With Pictures)

In Texas, crows can be found in a variety of habitats, ranging from urban areas to the countryside. To spot these intelligent birds, one should look for them in places where food sources are abundant, such as parks, agricultural fields, and near water bodies.

Early morning or late afternoon are ideal times for crow watching, as these are peak activity periods for them. Four good areas to consider for observing crows in Texas include:

  • Big Bend National Park – Offers diverse ecosystems where crows are spotted.
  • Guadalupe Mountains National Park – Its natural habitats are ideal for crow sightings.
  • Brazos Bend State Park – Known for a wide variety of birds, including crows.
  • Padre Island National Seashore – Coastal areas attract crows, especially near water sources.

These locations offer a chance to observe crows in their natural behaviors, from foraging to social interactions.


The presence of crows in Texas illustrates a fascinating tale of adaptability, resilience, and ecological importance. These intelligent birds, with their complex behaviors and versatile diets, are integral to the state’s diverse ecosystems.

From the bustling cities to the serene countrysides, crows have proven themselves to be more than mere background characters in the Texan landscape. They are dynamic participants in the ecological processes that maintain balance and diversity.

As we continue to navigate the challenges of conservation and cohabitation, understanding and appreciating the roles of these remarkable birds in Texas can lead to more sustainable futures for all inhabitants, feathered and otherwise.

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