Yellow-hooded Blackbird

Yellow-hooded Blackbird

Summary:

Profile Yellow-hooded Blackbird
[Authority] Linnaeus, 1766 | [group] New World blackbirds | [order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Icteridae | [latin] Chrysomus icterocephalus | [UK] Yellow-hooded Blackbird | [FR]

[Authority] Linnaeus, 1766 | [group] New World blackbirds | [order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Icteridae | [latin] Chrysomus icterocephalus | [UK] Yellow-hooded Blackbird | [FR] Carouge a capuche jaune | [DE] Gelbkopf-Starling | [ES] Turpial de Agua | [NL] Geelkaptroepiaal | copyright picture

copyright: Pere Sugranyes

Males are black with a yellow hood and black around the bill. Females are grayish olive above, and have a brownish belly, flecked with black, and a dusky yellow hood, with the yellow on the throat and the stripe over the eye brighter.

Freshwater marshes and tall, wet grasslands. Although characteristically a bird of the lowlands, they are found to about 2,600 m in the Andes of Colombia.

It is found in Aruba, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Netherlands Antilles, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.Resident of northern South America and along the Amazon River, from northern Colombia to central Brazil, east to northeastern Peru.

During all seasons they are commonly seen in small loose flocks; large numbers may congregate in roosts. During the breeding season, males form colonies in marshes and start building nests. Yellow-hooded blackbirds feed in marshes or in pastures, where they eat seeds and capture invertebrates


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]


Territorial during the breeding season. Males display to other males using a -song-spread- display, much like that of the North American red-winged blackbird. Males approach females with a distinctive fluttering flight; receptive females follow males to nests constructed by the males. Successful males mate with up to five different females in a single season. Males build a nest in emergent aquatic vegetation; the female adds the lining to the nest after the pair is formed. Mated males stay with their mate until incubation begins, then they build another nest and seek an additional mate. Generally 2-3 eggs are laid in May-October in Trinidad and October-November in Venezuela. Incubation 10-11 days; young fledge at about 11 days.

Sedentary throughout range.

Specification

  1. Measurements
  2. spanwidth min.: 0 cm
  3. spanwidth max.: 0 cm
  4. size min.: 17 cm
  5. size max.: 18 cm
  6. Breeding
  7. incubation min.: 10 days
  8. incubation max.: 11 days
  9. fledging min.: 10 days
  10. fledging max.: 11 days
  11. broods 1
  12. eggs min.: 2
  13. eggs max.: 3
  14. Conservation Status
  15. Yellow-hooded Blackbird status Least Concern

Subspecies

  1. Xanthopsar icterocephalus
  2. Chrysomus icterocephalus icterocephalus
  3. Chrysomus icterocephalus bogotensis
  4. Chrysomus icterocephalus
  5. SA n, c
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