White Woodpecker

White Woodpecker

Summary:

Profile White Woodpecker
[Authority] Otto, 1796 | [group] Woodpeckers | [order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Melanerpes candidus | [UK] White Woodpecker | [FR] Pic dominicain

[Authority] Otto, 1796 | [group] Woodpeckers | [order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Melanerpes candidus | [UK] White Woodpecker | [FR] Pic dominicain | [DE] Weissspecht | [ES] Carpintero Blanco | [NL] Witte Specht | copyright picture

copyright: M. Roth

It is an unmistakable black and white bird with yellow skin around the eye and a light yellowish belly with a white breast. A black stripe from eye to shoulder. The male also has yellow on the nape. Base of tail white, tail feathers black.

Dry subtropical forest, dry scrubs, savannas with trees and edges of cultivated land.

This woodpecker is a native of the grasslands of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Suirname, Uruguay and Argentina. In Suriname confined to the northern mangrove areas.

Mainly fruit and seeds, also insects (wasps, bees, flies etc.) gleaned and pecked from trees. Most often forages in small noisy groups in open trees.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]


Breeding details unclear. In Suirname nest holes are found in trees, but also seems to nest in rock holes. Possible a social breeder with a clutch of 3-4 eggs incubated by both parents. Fledging in captivity about 36 days.

Sedentary throughout range.

Specification

  1. Measurements
  2. spanwidth min.: 0 cm
  3. spanwidth max.: 0 cm
  4. size min.: 24 cm
  5. size max.: 29 cm
  6. Breeding
  7. incubation min.: 0 days
  8. incubation max.: 0 days
  9. fledging min.: 35 days
  10. fledging max.: 0 days
  11. broods 0
  12. eggs min.: 3
  13. eggs max.: 4
  14. Conservation Status
  15. White Woodpecker status Least Concern
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