copyright: Jose de Alencar Bonafe
The Variegated Tinamou is approximately 33 cm in length. Its upper back is rufous, lower back and wings black with conspicuous yellowish bands. Its throat white, neck and upper breast bright rufous, lower breast and belly buffish-white, flanks tinged cinnamon and lightly barred dusky. Its crown and sides of head are blackish with bill yellowish, legs greenish to yellowish-brown. It has a wailing whistle.
Commonly found in lowlands of moist forest in subtropical and tropical regions at altitude 100 to 1,300m. Mainly found in forest clearings surrounded by dense vegetation
The ratio of males to females reaches four to one in the variegated tinamou, which might explain why females lay a strain of broods which are cared for by the males. Breeds during the rainy season. In Surinam fairly uncommon and mostly observed in the interior.
Mainly seeds and fruits, with few insects.
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]
Like most of the Tinamou the female establishes a territory, attracts a male, lays one egg in a rudimentary nest, and leaves the male incubating while she departs to establish another territory and repeat the process.
Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known.
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- size min.: 28 cm
- size max.: 31 cm
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- broods 0
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- Conservation Status