Sociable Lapwing2004

Sociable Lapwing2004


Species Action Plans Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)

This species is listed as Critically Endangered because its population has undergone a very rapid reduction, for reasons that are poorly understood; this decline is projected to continue and increase in the future. Recent fieldwork in Kazakhstan (and counts in Turkey and the Middle East) has shown the population to be substantially larger than previously feared, and further research may show that the species warrants downlisting to a lower category of threat. [source:]

Sociable Lapwing[Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) Europe 2004]
The Sociable Lapwing breeds currently in Kazakhstan and central part of southern (further ?southcentral?) Russia. Its breeding range includes northern and central Kazakhstan, and in Russia extends currently from the Orenburg region, across Chelyabinsk, Kurgan, Omsk and Novosibirsk regions to the area around Barnaul in the Altai. Within this area the species is very much scattered, numbers are low and declining. On migration Sociable Lapwings are found in a large range of countries of Middle, Central and Southern Asia (Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan). Countries of primary importance for wintering are Eritrea, India, Iraq, Israel, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and still possibly Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. Vagrant birds have also been recorded in a wide range of Asiatic and European countries. The population has undergone significant and rapid decline in the second half of the 20th century, and this is considered ongoing. Population size was recently estimated at not more than 10,000 adult individuals (a rather optimistic estimate in Collar et al. 1994, Tucker & Heath 1994), or fewer. A few years later it was considered that the population numbers not more than 1,000 breeding pairs in the total range of the species (Khrokov 2000, BirdLife International 2001). Estimates made during the Sociable Lapwing Workshop in Moscow in 2002 (Appendix I) suggest that the situation is far worse: the world population is estimated at 200-600 breeding pairs (ca. 600-1,800 birds). The Sociable Lapwing is listed in Appendix I and II of the Bonn Convention, in column A category 1a, 1b and 1c of Table 1 of AEWA, in the IUCN Red List as a globally threatened species in the category “Critically Endangered” (BirdLife International 2004). This recent update of the species’ IUCN Red List status resulted from the conclusions of the workshop held in March 2002 in Moscow and from the drafting of this Action plan. It is included as Vulnerable in the Red Data Book of Asia due to lack of data on the reasons for the population decline. Although included in the Red Data Book of the ex-USSR countries, no practical conservation measures have been undertaken so far


Pavel S. Tomkovich and Elena A. Lebedeva (2004) International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Sociable Lapwing. AEWA Technical Series No. 2

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Conservation Status

  • #naam# status Critically Endangered
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