Species Action Plans Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug)
This species has been reclassified as Vulnerable because a recent analysis of all available data suggests that declines have been less severe than was previously suspected. It has nevertheless undergone a rapid population decline, particularly on the central Asian breeding grounds, owing to unsustainable capture for the falconry trade, as well as habitat degradation and the impacts of agrochemicals. Further research to monitor key populations and to clarify the extent of the threat from trapping and its effect on population trends is vital. [source: Birdlife.org]
[Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug) Europe 2006]
The Saker Falco cherrug qualifies as Globally Endangered because it has undergone a very rapid population decline, particularly on the central Asian breeding grounds, owing to inadequately controlled capture for the falconry trade (BirdLife International 2006). It is also Endangered in Europe due to large declines and its very small population size (BirdLife International 2004). The total European breeding population of the species is estimated at 584-686 pairs by the workshop participants. This is slightly higher than presented by BirdLife International (2004) mainly due to discovering some 120 new pairs in Ukraine. Data quality is mostly good in Central Europe, but less so in the Balkans and Eastern Europe. Europe holds about 8% of the global population of Sakers, estimated at 7,200-8,800 (BirdLife International 2006). Habitat use and food requirements are generally well known in countries with larger breeding populations. In general, it may be that birds in Central Europe feed more on birds and are associated more with cultivated land while in the east small rodents are more important in the species’ diet. In most countries, the species breeds in only a few IBAs or protected areas. Usually, the breeding pairs in existing or potential protected areas represent a relatively small proportion of the national breeding population, which reflects the species fairly dispersed distribution pattern.
Nagy, S. & Demeter, I. (2006). Saker Falcon: European Single Species Action Plan