The Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus is considered Near Threatened both in Europe and globally, due to its large (>30%) decline over three generations (i.e. from the 1970s). The species is listed in Appendix II of CMS, in Appendix II of CITES, in Appendix II of the Bern Convention and in Annex I of the Birds Directive. This action plan covers the range states of the Red-footed Falcon in Europe. It needs to be implemented in the range states in the European Union, Ukraine, Serbia and the Balkans. Red-footed Falcons inhabit steppe, pseudo-steppe, wooded steppe and extensive agricultural habitats. The core of the EU population breeds in the Carpathian Basin which form the western border of the range. A small but stable number of Red-footed Falcons breed in northern Italy.