Pygmy Cormorant1996

Pygmy Cormorant1996

Summary:

Species Action Plans Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus)

Phalacrocorax pygmeus has been downlisted to Least Concern as although declines continued in a few countries between 1990-2000, key populations in Azerbaijan and Romania were stable or increased, and the species underwent a moderate increase overall6. The estimated European population (75-94% of the global breeding range) is now 28,000-39,000 pairs, considerably higher than the 13,000 pairs estimated in 1996, with an estimated 8,000-12,000 breeding pairs in Azerbaijan and 11,500-14,000 breeding pairs in Romania6. The species breeds in south-east Europe (east from Italy), Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzebekistan, and winters primarily in Albania, Greece, the Balkan states, Turkey, Cyprus, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan and also Israel, Bulgaria, Romania and Syria. In south-east Europe, conservation measures have ameliorated the most important threats1, although concern still exists regarding habitat destruction and persecution in its wintering range7. It occurs in reedbeds, transition zones between reedbeds and open waters, extensively grazed or mowed shores and wet meadows5 and, in winter, in coastal wetlands, along rivers, and sometimes on inland lakes. The preferred nesting habitat is willow Salix trees but, in Azerbaijan, birds breed mainly in Tamarix. [source: Birdlife.org]

Pygmy Cormorant[Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) Europe 1996]
The Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus was, until recently, classified by IUCN as globally threatened in the category Insufficiently Known (Groombridge 1993). According to the new criteria developed by IUCN (Mace and Stuart 1994), it has been re-classified as nearthreatened (Collar et al. 1994). At the European level it is considered Vulnerable (Tucker and Heath 1994). It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention, Annex I of the EU Wild Birds Directive, Appendix II of the Bonn Convention and in the African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Agreement (AEWA) developed under the Bonn Convention. This action plan includes c.50-60% of the species’ world breeding population and

Citation

A.J. CRIVELLI, T. NAZIRIDES and H. JERRENTRUP (1996). ACTION PLAN FOR THE PYGMY CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) IN EUROPE

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Conservation Status

  • #naam# status Least Concern
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