Mountain Plover2006

Mountain Plover2006


Worldwide Species Action Plans

Mountain Plover action planThe mountain plover (Charadrius montanus) is a local and declining bird throughout its range. It was proposed for listing under the Endangered Species Act by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1999, but was withdrawn in 2003. The mountain plover is one of a small number of endemic Great Plains birds, and its status may be one indicator of the health of this ecosystem. Mountain plovers nest locally in the western Great Plains from Montana south to New Mexico, in Utah, and in Mexico, and they winter in a broad band from Texas west and north to the Central Valley of California. The mountain plover has an interesting life-history strategy that includes multiple clutches per pair, moderate fidelity to nesting sites, and relatively low adult annual survival. The current continental population is thought to number between 8,000 and 10,000 birds, and the best data available suggest they are experiencing a significant long-term decline. This decline may be the result of a loss of nesting habitat, habitat alterations due to the loss of primary grazers, and a possible reproductive sink created by plovers nesting on agricultural lands. Several threats, particularly the loss of nesting habitat and threats to prairie dogs, are the focus of broader conservation efforts in the Great Plains that will benefit the plover and a host of other species. The conservation of mountain plovers hinges on the protection of high quality nesting habitat, the conservation of prairie dogs, and the use of proactive plover management with fire, rotational grazing, and protection of known nesting sites.

  1. Thinornis montanus
  2. Charadrius montanus
  3. NA c

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