Bird species of the European Union
European birdguide

Bird species of the European Union

List according to ‘Sibley and Monroe’

Explanation of symbols used
N Regular breeder
H Wintering of majority or all of EU breeders
h Wintering of minority of EU breeders
W Species/population wintering regularly in the EU
M Species/population regularly passing on migration through the EU
(N) Occasional breeder
O Occasional visitor (annually observed)
A Accidental visitor (< one observation on average per year)
Ex Species which has disappeared from the EU after 1800
Nex Breeder which has disappeared from the EU after 1800
R Formerly disappeared and now re-introduced into the EU
Int ()* Introduced artificially into the EU

* some species have a naturally occuring status as well as an introduced population in the EU

List following the sequence and systematics of Sibley and Monroe

Scientific name (SM)
Synonym following Voous
STATUS
– Phasianidae
Alectoris graeca N, H
Alectoris chukar N, H
Alectoris barbara
Alectoris rufa N, H + Int (N, H)
Francolinus francolinus Ex
Perdix perdix N, H
Coturnix coturnix N, h + M
Phasianus colchicus N, H + Int (N, H)
Lagopus lagopus N, H
Lagopus mutus N, H
Tetrao tetrix N, H
Tetrao urogallus N, H + Int (N, H)
Bonasa bonasia N, H
– Anatidae
Oxyura leucocephala N, H + W
Cygnus olor W + Int (N, H)
Cygnus cygnus N, H + W
Cygnus columbianus A
Anser brachyrhynchus W
Anser fabalis N, H + W
Anser albifrons W
Anser erythropus N, H + W
Anser anser N, H + W
Anser caerulescens O
Anser rossii A
Branta canadensis A + Int (N, H)
Branta leucopsis N, H + W
Branta bernicla W
Branta ruficollis W
Tadorna ferruginea N, h
Tadorna tadorna N, H + M + W
Anas strepera N, H + M + W
Anas falcata A
Anas penelope N, H + M + W
Anas americana O
Anas rubripes A (N)
Anas platyrhynchos N, H + M + W
Anas discors O
Anas clypeata N, H + M + W
Anas acuta N, H + M + W
Anas querquedula N, h + M
Anas formosa A
Anas crecca N, H + M + W
Marmaronetta angustirostris N, h
Netta rufina N, H + W
Aythya ferina N, H + M + W
Aythya valisineria A
Aythya americana A
Aythya collaris O
Aythya nyroca N, H + M + W
Aythya fuligula N, H + M + W
Aythya marila N, H + W
Aythya affinis A
Somateria mollissima N, H + W
Somateria spectabilis W
Polysticta stelleri W
Histrionicus histrionicus A
Clangula hyemalis N, H + W
Melanitta nigra N, H + M + W
Melanitta perspicillata O
Melanitta fusca N, H + W
Bucephala clangula N, H + W
Bucephala islandica A
Bucephala albeola A
Mergellus albellus N, H + W
Lophodytes cucullatus A
Mergus serrator N, H + W
Mergus merganser N, H + W
– Turnicidae
Turnix sylvatica N, H
– Picidae
Sphyrapicus varius A
Jynx torquilla N, h + M
Dendrocopos minor N, H
Dendrocopos medius N, H
Dendrocopos leucotos N, H
Dendrocopos major N, H + W
Dendrocopos syriacus N, H
Picoides tridactylus N, H
Dryocopus martius N, H
Picus viridis N, H
Picus canus N, H
– Upupidae
Upupa epops N, h + M
– Coraciidae
Coracias garrulus N + M
Alcedinidae
Alcedo atthis N, H + M + W
Dacelonidae
Halcyon smyrnensis A
Cerylidae
Ceryle rudis A
Ceryle alcyon A
– Meropidae
Merops persicus A
Merops apiaster N + M
– Cuculidae
Clamator glandarius N
Cuculus canorus N + M
Coccyzidae
Coccyzus erythrophthalmus A
Coccyzus americanus A
– Psittacidae
– Apodidae
Hirundapus caudacutus A
Chaetura pelagica A
Tachymarptis melba N + M
Apus apus N + M
Apus unicolor N, h
Apus pallidus N, h
Apus pacificus A
Apus affinis A
Apus caffer N
– Tytonidae
Tyto alba N, H + W
– Strigidae
Otus scops N + M
Bubo bubo N, H
Nyctea scandiaca N, H + W
Strix aluco N, H
Strix uralensis N, H
Strix nebulosa N, H
Surnia ulula N, H + W
Glaucidium passerinum N, H
Athene noctua N, H + Int (N, H)
Aegolius funereus N, H
Asio otus N, H + W
Asio flammeus N, H + M + W
Asio capensis A
– Caprimulgidae
Chordeiles minor A
Caprimulgus ruficollis N
Caprimulgus europaeus N + M
Caprimulgus aegyptius A
– Columbidae
Columba livia N, H + Int (N, H)
Columba oenas N, H + W
Columba palumbus N, H + W
Columba trocaz N, H
Columba bollii N, H
Columba junoniae N, H
Streptopelia turtur N + M
Streptopelia orientalis A
Streptopelia senegalensis A
Streptopelia decaocto N, H + W
– Otididae
Tetrax tetrax N, H
Otis tarda N, H
Chlamydotis undulata N, H
– Gruidae
Grus canadensis A
Grus virgo Anthropoides virgo A
Grus grus N, H + M + W
– Rallidae
Rallus aquaticus N, H + M + W
Crex crex N + M
Amaurornis flavirostra Limnocorax flavirostris A
Porzana parva N + M
Porzana pusilla N + M
Porzana porzana N, h + M
Porzana carolina A
Aenigmatolimnas marginalis A
Porphyrio porphyrio N, H
Porphyrio alleni Porphyrula alleni A
Porphyrio martinicus Porphyrula martinica A
Gallinula chloropus N, H + M + W
Fulica cristata N, H
Fulica atra N, H + M + W
Fulica americana A
– Pteroclididae
Syrrhaptes paradoxus A
Pterocles alchata N, H
Pterocles senegallus A
Pterocles orientalis N, H
– Scolopacidae
Scolopax rusticola N, H + M + W
Gallinago stenura A
Gallinago media N + M
allinago gallinago N, H + M + W
Lymnocryptes minimus N, H + M + W
Limosa limosa N, h + M + W
Limosa haemastica A
Limosa lapponica M + W
Numenius minutus A
Numenius borealis A Ex?
Numenius phaeopus N, h + M + W
Numenius tenuirostris M + W
Numenius arquata N, H + M + W
Bartramia longicauda A
Tringa erythropus N, h + M + W
Tringa totanus N, H + M + W
Tringa stagnatilis N + M
Tringa nebularia N, h + M + W
Tringa melanoleuca A
Tringa flavipes O
Tringa solitaria A
Tringa ochropus N, H + M + W
Tringa glareola N, h + M
Tringa cinerea Xenus cinereus N + M
Tringa hypoleucos Actitis hypoleucos N, h + M + W
Tringa macularia Actitis macularia O
Tringa brevipes Heteroscelus brevipes A
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus A
Arenaria interpres N, H + M + W
Limnodromus griseus A
Limnodromus scolopaceus O
Calidris tenuirostris A
Calidris canutus M + W
Calidris alba M + W
Calidris pusilla O
Calidris mauri A
Calidris minuta M + W
Calidris ruficollis A
Calidris temminckii N, h + M
Calidris subminuta A
Calidris minutilla A
Calidris fuscicollis O
Calidris bairdii O
Calidris melanotos O
Calidris acuminata A
Calidris maritima N, H + M + W
Calidris alpina N, H + M + W
Calidris ferruginea M + W
Micropalama himantopus A
Tryngites subruficollis O
Limicola falcinellus N + M
Philomachus pugnax N, h + M + W
Steganopus tricolor O
Phalaropus lobatus N + M
Phalaropus fulicarius M
– Burhinidae
Burhinus oedicnemus N, h + M + W
– Charadriidae
Haematopus ostralegus N, H + M + W
Haematopus meadewaldoi Ex
Himantopus himantopus N, h + M
Recurvirostra avosetta N, H + M + W
Pluvialis apricaria N, H + M + W
Pluvialis fulva O
Pluvialis dominica O
Pluvialis squatarola M + W
Charadrius hiaticula N, H + M + W
Charadrius semipalmatus A
Charadrius dubius N, h + M
Charadrius vociferus A
Charadrius alexandrinus N, h + M + W
Charadrius mongolus A
Charadrius leschenaultii O
Charadrius asiaticus A
Eudromias morinellus N, h + M
Vanellus vanellus N, H + M + W
Vanellus spinosus N, h
Vanellus gregarius O
Vanellus leucurus A
– Glareolidae
Pluvianus aegyptius A
Cursorius cursor N, H
Glareola pratincola N + M
Glareola maldivarum A
Glareola nordmanni O (N)
– Laridae
Catharacta skua N, H + M +W
Stercorarius pomarinus M
Stercorarius parasiticus N, h + M
Stercorarius longicaudus N + M
Larus leucophthalmus A
Larus canus N, H + M + W
Larus audouinii N, h
Larus delawarensis O
Larus marinus N, H + W
Larus hyperboreus W
Larus glaucoides W
Larus argentatus N, H + W
Larus cachinnans (N) + M + W
Larus fuscus N + M
Larus ichthyaetus A
Larus cirrocephalus A
Larus ridibundus N, H + M + W
Larus genei N, h + M + W
Larus philadelphia A
Larus melanocephalus N, H + M + W
Larus atricilla O
Larus pipixcan A
Larus minutus N, h + M + W
Pagophila eburnea A
Rhodostethia rosea O
Xema sabini Larus sabini M
Rissa tridactyla N, H + M + W
Sterna nilotica Gelochelidon nilotica N + M
Sterna caspia N + M
Sterna maxima A
Sterna elegans A
Sterna bengalensis O (N)
Sterna sandvicensis N, h + M + W
Sterna dougallii N + M
Sterna hirundo N, h + M
Sterna paradisaea N + M
Sterna forsteri A
Sterna albifrons N + M
Sterna antillarum inc. Sterna a. antillarum /A?
Sterna aleutica A
Sterna anaethetus A
Sterna fuscata A (N)
Chlidonias hybridus N, h + M
Chlidonias leucopterus M (N)
Chlidonias niger N + M
Anous stolidus A
Alle alle M + W
Uria aalge N, H + W
Uria lomvia A
Alca torda N, H + M + W
Pinguinus impennis Ex
Cepphus grylle N, H + W
Synthiboramphus antiquus A
Cyclorrhynchus psittacula A
Fratercula arctica N, H + M + W
Fratercula cirrhata Lunda cirrhata A
– Accipitridae
Pandion haliaetus N, h + M
Pernis apivorus N + M
Elanoides forficatus A
Elanus caeruleus N, H
Milvus milvus N, H + W
Milvus migrans N, h + M
Haliaeetus leucoryphus A
Haliaeetus albicilla N, H + W
Haliaeetus leucocephalus A
Gypaetus barbatus N, H
Neophron percnopterus N, h + M
Gyps fulvus N, H + M
Aegypius monachus N, H
Torgos tracheliotus A
Circaetus gallicus N, h + M
Circus aeruginosus N, H + M + W
Circus cyaneus N, H + M + W
Circus macrourus M (N)
Circus pygargus N + M
Accipiter brevipes N + M
Accipiter nisus N, H + M + W
Accipiter gentilis N, H + W
Buteo buteo N, H + M + W
Buteo rufinus N, H
Buteo lagopus N, H + W
Aquila pomarina N + M
Aquila clanga W
Aquila rapax A
Aquila nipalensis A
Aquila adalberti N, H
Aquila heliaca N, H + W
Aquila chrysaetos N, H
Hieraaetus fasciatus N, H
Hieraaetus pennatus N, h + M
– Falconidae
Falco naumanni N, h + M
Falco tinnunculus N, H + M + W
Falco sparverius A
Falco vespertinus M + N
Falco amurensis A
Falco eleonorae N + M
Falco columbarius N, H + M + W
Falco subbuteo N + M
Falco biarmicus N, H + M
Falco cherrug N, H + W
Falco rusticolus N, H + W
Falco peregrinus N, H + M + W
Falco pelegrinoides inc. Falco p. pelegrinoides /N, H
– Podicipedidae
Tachybaptus ruficollis N, H + M + W
Podilymbus podiceps A
Podiceps grisegena N, H + M + W
Podiceps cristatus N, H + M + W
Podiceps auritus N, H + M + W
Podiceps nigricollis N, H + M + W
– Phaethontidae
Phaethon aethereus A (N)
– Sulidae
Morus bassanus N, h + M + W
Morus capensis A
Sula dactylatra A
Sula leucogaster A
– Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax pygmeus N, H + W
Phalacrocorax auritus A
Phalacrocorax carbo N, H + M + W
Phalacrocorax aristotelis N, H
– Ardeidae
Egretta caerulea Hydranassa caerulea A
Egretta garzetta N, h + M + W
Egretta gularis A
Ardea cinerea N, H + M + W
Ardea herodias A
Ardea melanocephala A
Ardea purpurea N, h + M
Casmerodius alba Egretta alba N, H + M + W
Bubulcus ibis N, H
Ardeola ralloides N + M
Butorides virescens Butorides striatus A
Nycticorax nycticorax N, h + M
Ixobrychus minutus N + M
Ixobrychus exilis A
Ixobrychus eurhythmus A
Ixobrychus sturmii A
Botaurus lentiginosus A
Botaurus stellaris N, H + M
– Phoenicopteridae
Phoenicopterus ruber N, H
– Threskiornithidae
Plegadis falcinellus N + M
Geronticus eremita A
Platalea leucorodia N, h + M + W
– Pelecanidae
Pelecanus onocrotalus N + M
Pelecanus crispus N, H + W
– Ciconiidae
Ciconia nigra N, h + M
Ciconia ciconia N, h + M
– Fregatidae
Fregata magnificens A
– Gaviidae
Gavia stellata N, H + W
Gavia arctica N, H + W
Gavia immer (N) + M + W
Gavia adamsii O
– Procellariidae
Macronectes sp. A
Fulmarus glacialis N, H + M + W
Pterodroma madeira N, H
Pterodroma feae N, H
Pterodroma hasitata A
Bulweria bulwerii N, H
Calonectris diomedea N + M
Puffinus gravis M
Puffinus griseus M
Puffinus puffinus N, H
Puffinus yelkouan N + M
Puffinus assimilis N, h
Diomedea exulans A
Diomedea melanophris A
Oceanites oceanicus M
Pelagodroma marina N, H?
Hydrobates pelagicus N + M
Oceanodroma castro N
Oceanodroma leucorhoa N + M
Oceanodroma monorhis A (N)
– Tyrannidae
Sayornis phoebe A
– Laniidae
Lanius collurio N + M
Lanius isabellinus A
Lanius cristatus A
Lanius minor N + M
Lanius excubitor N, H + W
Lanius senator N + M
Lanius nubicus N + M
– Vireonidae
Vireo flavifrons A
Vireo philadelphicus A
Vireo olivaceus O
– Corvidae
Garrulus glandarius N, H + W
Perisoreus infaustus N, H
Cyanopica cyana N, H
Pica pica N, H
Nucifraga caryocatactes N, H + W
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax N, H
Pyrrhocorax graculus N, H
Corvus monedula N, H + W
Corvus dauuricus A
Corvus splendens A (N)
Corvus frugilegus N, H + W
Corvus corone N, H
Corvus corax N, H
Oriolus oriolus N + M
Tchagra senegala A
– Bombycillidae
Bombycilla garrulus N, H + W
Bombycilla cedrorum A
– Cinclidae
Cinclus cinclus N, H
– Muscicapidae
Monticola saxatilis N + M
Monticola solitarius N, H
Zoothera sibirica A
Zoothera naevia A
Zoothera dauma A
Catharus fuscescens A
Catharus minimus A
Catharus ustulatus A
Catharus guttatus A
Catharus mustelinus Hylocichla mustelina A
Turdus unicolor A
Turdus torquatus N, h + M + W
Turdus merula N, H + M + W
Turdus obscurus A
Turdus ruficollis A
Turdus naumanni A
Turdus pilaris N, H + W
Turdus iliacus N, H + M + W
Turdus philomelos N, H + M + W
Turdus viscivorus N, H + W
Turdus migratorius A
Muscicapa striata N + M
Muscicapa dauurica A
Ficedula hypoleuca N + M
Ficedula albicollis N + M
Ficedula semitorquata N + M
Ficedula parva N + M
Erithacus rubecula N, H + M + W
Luscinia luscinia N + M
Luscinia megarhynchos N + M
Luscinia calliope A
Luscinia svecica N, h + M + W
Tarsiger cyanurus N
Irania gutturalis A
Cercotrichas galactotes N
Phoenicurus ochruros N, H + M + W
Phoenicurus phoenicurus N + M
Phoenicurus moussieri A
Saxicola rubetra N + M
Saxicola dacotiae N, H
Saxicola torquata N, H + M + W
Oenanthe leucopyga A
Oenanthe leucura N, H
Oenanthe oenanthe N + M
Oenanthe finschii A
Oenanthe hispanica N + M
Oenanthe pleschanka A (N)
Oenanthe deserti A
Oenanthe isabellina N + M
– Sturnidae
Sturnus roseus N + M
Sturnus vulgaris N, H + M + W
Sturnus unicolor N, H
Dumetella carolinensis A
Mimus polyglottos A
Toxostoma rufum A
– Sittidae
Sitta europaea N, H
Sitta whiteheadi N, H
Sitta krueperi N, H
Sitta canadensis A
Sitta neumayer N, H
Tichodroma muraria N, H
– Certhiidae
Certhia familiaris N, H
Certhia brachydactyla N, H
Troglodytes troglodytes N, H + W
– Paridae
Remiz pendulinus N, H + W
Parus palustris N, H
Parus lugubris N, H
Parus montanus N, H
Parus cinctus N, H
Parus ater N, H + W
Parus cristatus N, H
Parus major N, H + W
Parus caeruleus N, H + W
Parus cyanus A
– Aegithalidae
Aegithalos caudatus N, H + W
– Hirundinidae
Tachycineta bicolor A
Riparia riparia N + M
Riparia paludicola A
Hirundo rupestris N, h + M
Hirundo rustica N + M
Hirundo daurica N + M
Hirundo pyrrhonota A
Delichon urbica N + M
Regulidae
Regulus regulus N, H + W
Regulus teneriffae N, H
Regulus ignicapillus N, H + W
– Pycnonotidae
Pycnonotus barbatus A
Cisticolidae
Cisticola juncidis N, H
– Sylviidae
Cettia cetti N, H
Locustella lanceolata A
Locustella naevia N + M
Locustella certhiola A
Locustella fluviatilis N + M
Locustella luscinioides N + M
Locustella fasciolata A
Acrocephalus melanopogon N, H + W
Acrocephalus paludicola N + M
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus N + M
Acrocephalus agricola O
Acrocephalus scirpaceus N + M
Acrocephalus dumetorum N + M
Acrocephalus palustris N + M
Acrocephalus arundinaceus N + M
Acrocephalus aedon A
Hippolais caligata A
Hippolais rama inc. Hippolais c. rama /A
Hippolais pallida N + M
Hippolais olivetorum N + M
Hippolais polyglotta N
Hippolais icterina N + M
Phylloscopus trochilus N + M
Phylloscopus collybita N, H + M + W
Phylloscopus neglectus A
Phylloscopus bonelli N
Phylloscopus sibilatrix N + M
Phylloscopus fuscatus A
Phylloscopus schwarzi A
Phylloscopus proregulus O
Phylloscopus inornatus O
Phylloscopus borealis N
Phylloscopus trochiloides N
Phylloscopus coronatus A
Panurus biarmicus N, H
Sylvia atricapilla N, H + M + W
Sylvia borin N + M
Sylvia communis N + M
Sylvia curruca N + M
Sylvia nana A
Sylvia nisoria N + M
Sylvia hortensis N + M
Sylvia rueppelli N
Sylvia melanocephala N, h + W
Sylvia cantillans N + M
Sylvia mystacea A
Sylvia conspicillata N, h
Sylvia deserticola A
Sylvia undata N, H
Sylvia sarda N, H
– Alaudidae
Ammomanes cincturus A
Melanocorypha calandra N, H + W
Melanocorypha bimaculata A
Melanocorypha leucoptera A
Melanocorypha yeltoniensis A
Calandrella brachydactyla N, h + M
Calandrella rufescens N, H
Chersophilus duponti N, H
Galerida cristata N, H
Galerida theklae N, H
Lullula arborea N, H + W
Alauda arvensis N, H + M + W
Eremophila alpestris N, H + W
Eremophila bilopha A
– Passeridae
Passer domesticus N, H
Passer hispaniolensis N, H
Passer moabiticus A
Passer montanus N, H + W
Petronia petronia N, H
Montifringilla nivalis N, H
Motacilla alba N, H + M + W
Motacilla citreola O (N)
Motacilla flava N + M
Motacilla cinerea N, H + M + W
Anthus richardi O
Anthus campestris N + M
Anthus godlewskii A
Anthus berthelotii N, H
Anthus trivialis N + M
Anthus hodgsoni A
Anthus gustavi A
Anthus pratensis N, H + M + W
Anthus cervinus N + M
Anthus petrosus N, H + W
Anthus spinoletta N, H + W
Anthus rubescens A
Prunella collaris N, H
Prunella montanella A
Prunella atrogularis A
Prunella modularis N, H + W
– Fringillidae
Fringilla coelebs N, H + M + W
Fringilla teydea N, H
Fringilla montifringilla N, H + M + W
Serinus pusillus A
Serinus serinus N, H + M + W
Serinus canaria N, H
Serinus citrinella N, H
Carduelis chloris N, H + W
Carduelis spinus N, H + M + W
Carduelis carduelis N, H + M + W
Carduelis hornemanni N, H + W
Carduelis flammea N, H + W
Carduelis flavirostris N, H + W
Carduelis cannabina N, H + M + W
Rhodopechys githaginea Bucanetes githagineus N, H
Carpodacus erythrinus N
Pinicola enucleator N, H + W
Loxia pytyopsittacus N, H +W
Loxia scotica N, H
Loxia curvirostra N, H + W
Loxia leucoptera N, H + W
Pyrrhula pyrrhula N, H + W
Coccothraustes coccothraustes N, H + W
Hesperiphona vespertina A
Emberiza citrinella N, H + W
Emberiza leucocephalos O
Emberiza cirlus N, H
Emberiza cia N, H
Emberiza cineracea N
Emberiza hortulana N + M
Emberiza caesia N + M
Emberiza striolata A
Emberiza pusilla N + M
Emberiza chrysophrys A
Emberiza rustica N + M
Emberiza aureola N
Emberiza melanocephala N + M
Emberiza bruniceps A
Emberiza spodocephala A
Emberiza pallasi A
Emberiza schoeniclus N, H + M + W
Miliaria calandra N, H + W
Calcarius lapponicus N, H + W
Plectrophenax nivalis N, H + W
Passerella iliaca A
Melospiza melodia A
Zonotrichia leucophrys A
Zonotrichia albicollis A
Junco hyemalis A
Passerculus sandwichensis Ammodramus sandwichensis A
Chondestes grammacus A
Pipilo erythrophthalmus A
Vermivora chrysoptera A
Vermivora peregrina A
Parula americana A
Dendroica petechia A
Dendroica pensylvanica A
Dendroica magnolia A
Dendroica tigrina A
Dendroica coronata A
Dendroica virens A
Dendroica fusca A
Dendroica castanea A
Dendroica striata A
Mniotilta varia A
Setophaga ruticilla A
Seiurus aurocapillus A
Seiurus noveboracensis A
Seiurus motacilla A
Geothlypis trichas A
Wilsonia citrina A
Wilsonia pusilla A
Piranga rubra A
Piranga olivacea A
Pheucticus ludovicianus A
Guiraca caerulea A
Passerina cyanea A
Icterus galbula A
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus A
Molothrus ater A
Dolichonyx oryzivorus A
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